The largely overlooked story of how Heinrich Himmler saved Hecht forged a close relationship with the American consul general there. Heinrich Himmler was born in and died in Heinrich Himmler was to become one of the most feared men in Nazi Germany and. On January 20, , 15 Nazi bureaucrats met at a villa in suburban Berlin to decide the “final solution The son of a Roman Catholic.
Heinrich Himmler - History Learning Site
He later officially appointed Heydrich his deputy. Along with Interior Minister Frick, they hoped to create a unified German police force. Himmler appointed Heydrich commander of Department IV, the political police. The department implemented racial policies and monitored the "racial integrity" of the SS membership.
On 31 DecemberHimmler introduced the "marriage order", which required SS men wishing to marry to produce family trees proving that both families were of Aryan descent to The programme had disappointing results; less than 40 per cent of SS men married and each produced only about one child.
- Heinrich Himmler (1900 - 1945)
Himmler appointed Theodor Eickea convicted felon and ardent Nazi, to run the camp in June Uniforms were issued for prisoners and guards alike; the guards' uniforms had a special Totenkopf insignia on their collars. A Hitler decree issued in December allowed for the incarceration of anyone deemed by the regime to be an undesirable member of society.
Thus, the camps became a mechanism for social and racial engineering. By the outbreak of World War II in autumnthere were six camps housing some 27, inmates.
Death tolls were high. He felt that the SA—now numbering some three million men, far dwarfing the army—should become the sole arms-bearing corps of the state, and that the army should be absorbed into the SA under his leadership. This was a radical departure from long-standing German practice that law enforcement was a state and local matter. Between 85 and members of the SA leadership and other political adversaries, including Gregor Strasser, were killed between 30 June and 2 July in these actions, known as the Night of the Long Knives.
The laws banned marriage between non-Jewish and Jewish Germans and forbade the employment of non-Jewish women under the age of 45 in Jewish households.
SS Reichsfuhrer Heinrich Himmler
The laws also deprived so-called "non-Aryans" of the benefits of German citizenship. Himmler and Heydrich wanted to extend the power of the SS; thus, they urged Hitler to form a national police force overseen by the SS, to guard Nazi Germany against its many enemies at the time—real and imagined.
Heydrich drew up a set of proposals and Himmler sent him to meet with Frick. An angry Frick then consulted with Hitler, who told him to agree to the proposals.Katrin Himmler - Family members of Heinrich Himmler
Frick acquiesced, and on 17 June Hitler decreed the unification of all police forces in the Reich, and named Himmler Chief of German Police. In practice, however, the police was now effectively a division of the SS, and hence independent of Frick's control. This move gave Himmler operational control over Germany's entire detective force.
He again placed Heydrich in command. Nominally under the authority of Himmler, the Waffen-SS developed a fully militarised structure of command and operations. It grew from three regiments to over 38 divisions during World War II, serving alongside the Heer armybut never being formally part of it. Under the auspices of the SS Economy and Administration Head Office, this holding company owned housing corporations, factories, and publishing houses.
In contrast, Himmler was honest in matters of money and business. Inhe set up Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp. Byhe had manoeuvred himself into a position where he was head of a newly unified national police.
Himmler was obsessed with racial purity in Germany and encouraged Aryan 'breeding programmes'. The outbreak of World War Two allowed Himmler to pursue another racial goal - the elimination of Jews and other so-called 'sub-humans'.
After Germany's invasion of Poland, Himmler was given total control of the annexed parts of the country. Within a year more than one million Poles andJews had been forced out to be replaced with German settlers.
By Junewhen Germany invaded the Soviet Union, Himmler controlled not only the police but the political administration of the occupied territories and, through his control of the SS, the concentration camp system. Erhard Heiden took control of the SS in That same year, SS members were banned from partaking in political debate and were required to profess undying loyalty to Hitler and unquestioningly acknowledge him as their one and only prophet.
Himmler was determined to separate the SS from the SA, transform the SS into an elite force that was larger and more potent than the SA and, finally, alter the function of the organization within the Nazi Party.
When Himmler Resisted Hitler
To qualify for the SS, prospective members had to prove that none of their ancestors were Jewish and agree to marry only with the consent of their superior officers. In addition to receiving military training, recruits were taught that they were the elite not only of the Nazi Party but of all humankind.
Above all else, they were to value allegiance and obligation to the Nazi ideal, place individual concerns aside and perform their duties diligently and as a cohesive unit. Such expectations were reflected in the SS motto: In March of that year, Himmler announced the opening of the first Nazi concentration camp, in the town of DachauGermany.
The camp initially housed political prisoners who opposed the Nazis. Without benefit of trial, these alleged enemies either were executed or dispatched to concentration camps. He was executed several days later.