Lucretia Mott - HISTORY
Lucretia Mott (née Coffin; January 3, – November 11, ) was a U.S. Quaker, . On April 10, , Lucretia Coffin married James Mott at Pine Street Meeting in Mott is commemorated along with Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. The treatment of Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton at the convention We were told that our coming had been announced in London Yearly Meeting, . Mott was also active in abolition efforts, and she and her husband opened Pennsylvania), pioneer reformer who, with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, founded She met opposition within the Society of Friends when she spoke of.
Mott and the white and black women delegates linked arms to exit the building safely through the crowd.
Lucretia Mott - Women's Rights National Historical Park (U.S. National Park Service)
Afterward, the mob targeted her home and Black institutions and neighborhoods in Philadelphia. As a friend redirected the mob, Mott waited in her parlor, willing to face her violent opponents. World's Anti-Slavery Convention[ edit ] Main article: In spite of Mott's status as one of six women delegates, before the conference began, the men voted to exclude the American women from participating, and the female delegates were required to sit in a segregated area.
Anti-slavery leaders didn't want the women's rights issue to become associated with the cause of ending slavery worldwide and dilute the focus on abolition.
Several of the American men attending the convention, including William Lloyd Garrison and Wendell Phillipsprotested the women's exclusion. Activists Elizabeth Cady Stanton and her husband Henry Brewster Stanton attended the convention while on their honeymoon.
Stanton admired Mott, and the two women became united as friends and allies. One Irish reporter deemed her the "Lioness of the Convention".
She continued an active public lecture schedule, with destinations including the major Northern cities of New York City and Bostonas well as travel over several weeks to slave-owning states, with speeches in BaltimoreMaryland and other cities in Virginia. She arranged to meet with slave owners to discuss the morality of slavery. In the District of ColumbiaMott timed her lecture to coincide with the return of Congress from Christmas recess; more than 40 Congressmen attended.
She had a personal audience with President John Tyler who, impressed with her speech, said, "I would like to hand Mr. Calhoun over to you",  referring to the senator and abolition opponent. Cady Stanton later recalled that they first discussed the possibility of a women's rights convention in London. Women's rights activists advocated a range of issues, including equality in marriage, such as women's property rights and rights to their earnings.
At that time it was very difficult to obtain divorce, and fathers were almost always granted custody of children.
Cady Stanton sought to make divorce easier to obtain and to safeguard women's access to and control of their children. Her theological position was particularly influential among Quakers, as in the future many harked back to her positions, sometimes without even knowing it.
The following year, the organization became active in Kansas where black suffrage and woman suffrage were to be decided by popular vote, and it was then that Stanton and Anthony formed a political alliance with Train, leading to Mott's resignation. Kansas failed to pass both referenda.
Seneca Falls Convention begins
Mott was a founder and president of the Northern Association for the Relief and Employment of Poor Women in Philadelphia founded in Seneca Falls Convention[ edit ] Main article: Mott viewed politics as corrupted by slavery and moral compromises, but she soon concluded that women's "right to the elective franchise however, is the same, and should be yielded to her, whether she exercises that right or not.
Despite Mott's opposition to electoral politics, her fame had reached into the political arena even before the July women's rights convention. During the June National Convention of the Liberty Party5 of the 84 voting delegates cast their ballots for Lucretia Mott to be their party's candidate for the Office of U.
In delegate voting, she placed 4th in a field of nine. Over the next few decades, women's suffrage became the focus of the women's rights movement. While Cady Stanton is usually credited as the leader of that effort, it was Mott's mentoring of Cady Stanton and their work together that inspired the event.
Lucretia Coffin Mott began to speak at Quaker meetings inand in she was recognized as a minister in the Society of Friends in Philadelphia. The Quakers enabled women to take public positions on a variety of social problems.
Like many Quakers, Mott considered slavery to be evil; she refused to use cotton cloth, cane sugar and other slavery-produced goods. In her sermons, Mott asked others to join the boycott and gained prominence as an abolitionist. She began to make public speeches for abolition, and soon began to travel extensively throughout the Northeast, usually accompanied by her husband who supported her activism throughout their long marriage.
Anti-Slavery Work Since women were excluded from the formally organized abolitionist groups, in Lucretia Mott and nearly 30 other women organized the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society. However, many members of the abolitionist movement opposed public activities by women, especially public speaking.
Others objected to women speaking to mixed crowds of men and women. Nonetheless, the rising popularity of Quaker sisters Sarah and Angelina Grimke and other women speakers attracted support for abolition.
The endless criticism her outspokenness inspired did not deter her from speaking, but as her fame spread she suffered increasingly from dyspepsia an abdominal ailment. Yet she continued her work for abolition. She managed her household budget to include hospitality to guests and donations to charities, and was praised for her ability to maintain her household while contributing to the cause. Mott and the other white and black women delegates linked arms to exit the building safely through the crowd.
As a friend redirected the mob, Mott waited in her parlor, willing to face her opponents. Lucretia Mott never shied from controversy. Lucretia was one of six American women delegates, but the male delegates voted to exclude the women from participating and required them to sit in a segregated area.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton attended the convention with her new husband, a delegate from New York, while on their honeymoon. Stanton later recalled this conversation in the History of Woman Suffrage: Thus a missionary work for the emancipation of woman… was then and there inaugurated.
Encouraged by debates in England and Scotland, Mott returned with new energy for the anti-slavery cause in the United States. She continued an active public speaking schedule in major Northern cities, and traveled to slave-owning states, giving speeches in Maryland and Virginia, where she met with slave owners to discuss the morality of slavery. In the District of Columbia, she had a personal audience with President John Tylerwho was impressed with her speech. The Declaration of Sentiments, written primarily by Stanton and Mott, was a deliberate parallel to the Declaration of Independence: