7 Ticktin, Miriam, Casualties of Care: Immigration and the Politics of power or as biopolitics' (Joseph, Jonathan, 'The limits of governmentality: Social . cited in Miriam Ticktin, 'Where ethics and politics meet: the violence of. Joseph, I consider Foucault's work as rich as 'deliberately evasive, elusive and .. 78 Clifford Bob, cited in Miriam Ticktin, 'Where ethics and politics meet: the. (2) Ticktin, Miriam. “Where Ethics and Politics Meeting: The Violence of Humanitarianism in France.” American Ethnologist ():
It follows that what ontology, anthropology, colonialism and its anti are, and what they might become, are all questions that must remain constitutively open too, as part of the very act of seeking to answer them. This is why the concern with ontology in anthropology is meant, if anything, as a more thorough form of anti-essentialising reflexivity: Ontologies and Ethical Lives Ontologies recommend ethical lives.Mika vs. The Ethics Guy on MSNBC
Ethics projects ontological premises. The paper begins with a discussion of the ways in which ethnographers have appropriated the language of ontology, distinguishing between what can be called strong and weak ontology. An alternative approach approaches ontologies from the perspective of ethical life. One common notion of ontology has been influenced by a distinctive project of many dominant religious systems, namely the effort to rationalize ethics under an organizing principle grounded in representations about ultimate reality.
This effort instigates the inculcation of a transcendental point of view among believers.
Such a point of view invites a universalization that seems to demand principles sufficiently general that they can hold across an indefinite number of cases and contexts. In both Christianity and Islam, for example, the point of view of a transcendent deity offers a position on which to stand, from which one may survey the whole range of known ethical values available in any given cultural world, such that their inconsistencies become visible. It is the pressure exerted by this asymptotically transcendental point of view that provides much of the conceptual and ethical motivation for the kind of purification or reform movements that are so characteristic of monotheistic religious history.
Ethics, Politics, Ontologies - 14-16 January, 2016
Paradoxically, the universalizing theologies that underwrite this perspective seem to be one basis for the anti-universalizing idea that we, as anthropologists, can even identify ontologies at all.
Catherine Fennell and Joseph Hankins: At some times, the objects of the ethnographic gaze have been physically and economically remote, at others, they have been more familiar. Regardless, ethnographers have struggled to find common ground by which to orchestrate encounters between the strange and the familiar. That struggle, we suggest, is fundamentally one of extending sympathy: It asks anthropologists and their readers to imagine and place themselves in the conditions of another.
Category Archives: Humanitarianism
Examining ethnographic writing that foregrounds the suffering of others, this paper considers how and with what effects pain has become the ground for sympathetic engagement across human differences.
What shared social, political, and moral projects do ethnographic renderings of suffering presume and enliven at a moment in which anthropologists attempt to articulate their relevance within and beyond the academy? What conditions capacitate presentations of suffering from anthropologists, and how might these conditions speak to the discipline's historical engagement with difference?
Finally, what does it mean for us to serve as translators of human suffering? Our paper will explore these questions as a way to interrogate the contours of contemporary ethnographic sensibility.
Humanitarianism | ANTH S International Health: Anthropological Perspectives
Meteorological Moods and Atmospheric Attunements This talk will consider the moral, political, and ontological dimensions of two devastating typhoons — Typhoon Sudal and Super Typhoon Maysak — both of which hit Yap about a decade apart.
A central goal of the paper will be to illustrate how an ontologically responsive, politically inflected, and morally attuned mood of despair anticipated, and in part patterned, the conditions of possibility arising in, from, and alongside these events.
Ethical Distance and Public Secrecy Criticism is often evaluated by the degree of distance from its object, indicating a lack of bias, a non-immersion, or a skeptical inquiry. How is this distance achieved?
In this paper, I look at efforts in Turkey to criticize the genocidal violence that founded the state. The object of criticism, here, is catastrophic state violence, a violence that has persisted after the event by fostering public secrecy. Catastrophe and secrecy have not only functioned as vehicles of erasure, but have therefore also been formative of what is sayable and viewable in public life.
How, then, can criticism scrutinize the silences that animate its own conditions of possibility? As Ticktin demonstrates, the process of diagnoses is often governed by emotion. Similar reluctance towards immigrants is felt throughout European governing bodies.
Essentially, his diction equates immigrants to enemy forces. Prior to these insensitive remarks, the Italian navy documented 2, accounts of drowned or missing refugees in the Mediterranean 8. In other words, humanitarian efforts to save migrants would result in a surge of immigrants to Europe. After dismantling Mare Nostrum, the joint European Union initiative created a more passive program called Operation Triton, which has a third of the funding as its predecessor 8.
Given the relationship between humanitarianism and colonialism, to what extent is it possible to reform humanitarian such that it no longer maintains hierarchies of difference? The Violence of Humanitarianism in France. A Critique of French Philosophy and Policy. University of South Florida, How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease.
Depends on What You Mean by Integration. The Washington Post, 29 July