Joe Kirk - WikiVisually
Kirk was a regular voice actor on Abbott and Costello's radio show during role of Mr. Bacciagalupe to the television version of The Abbott and Costello Show. Costello Meet Frankenstein" () and Dr. Orvilla in Abbott and Costello Go to. Kirk was a regular voice actor on Abbott and Costello's radio show during World As Mr. Bacciagalupe, Kirk spoke with a thick Sicilian-American accent; his Costello Meet Frankenstein" () and Dr. Orvilla in Abbott and Costello Go to. Abbott and Costello often had a character named Mr. Bacciagalupe. even though it was difficult for him to meet the expenses involved.
The last Western emperor, Romulus Augustulus, was deposed in by a Germanic foederati general in Italy and his defeat marked the end of the western part of the Roman Empire. During most of the period from the fall of Rome until the Kingdom of Italy was established inOdoacer ruled well for 13 years after gaining control of Italy in Then he was attacked and defeated by Theodoric, the king of another Germanic tribe, Theodoric and Odoacer ruled jointly untilwhen Theodoric murdered Odoacer. Theodoric continued to rule Italy with an army of Ostrogoths and a government that was mostly Italian, after the death of Theodoric inthe kingdom began to grow weak 7.
Sicily — Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is an autonomous Region of Italy, along with surrounding minor islands, Sicily is located in the central Mediterranean Sea, south of the Italian Peninsula, from which it is separated by the narrow Strait of Messina.
Its most prominent landmark is Mount Etna, the tallest active volcano in Europe, the island has a typical Mediterranean climate. The earliest archaeological evidence of activity on the island dates from as early as 12, BC. It became part of Italy in following the Expedition of the Thousand, a revolt led by Giuseppe Garibaldi during the Italian unification, Sicily was given special status as an autonomous region after the Italian constitutional referendum of Sicily has a rich and unique culture, especially regard to the arts, music, literature, cuisine.
Joe Kirk | Revolvy
It is also home to important archaeological and ancient sites, such as the Necropolis of Pantalica, the Valley of the Temples, Sicily has a roughly triangular shape, earning it the name Trinacria. To the east, it is separated from the Italian mainland by the Strait of Messina, about 3 km wide in the north, and about 16 km wide in the southern part.
The northern and southern coasts are each about km long measured as a line, while the eastern coast measures around km. The total area of the island is 25, km2, the terrain of inland Sicily is mostly hilly and is intensively cultivated wherever possible. Along the northern coast, the ranges of Madonie,2, m, Nebrodi,1, m. The cone of Mount Etna dominates the eastern coast, in the southeast lie the lower Hyblaean Mountains,1, m. The mines of the Enna and Caltanissetta districts were part of a leading sulphur-producing area throughout the 19th century, Sicily and its surrounding small islands have some highly active volcanoes.
Mount Etna is the largest active volcano in Europe and still casts black ash over the island with its ever-present eruptions and it currently stands 3, metres high, though this varies with summit eruptions, the mountain is 21 m lower now than it was in It is the highest mountain in Italy south of the Alps, Etna covers an area of 1, km2 with a basal circumference of km. This makes it by far the largest of the three volcanoes in Italy, being about two and a half times the height of the next largest, Mount Vesuvius.
In Greek Mythology, the deadly monster Typhon was trapped under the mountain by Zeus, Mount Etna is widely regarded as a cultural symbol and icon of Sicily. The Aeolian Islands in the Tyrrhenian Sea, to the northeast of mainland Sicily form a volcanic complex, the three volcanoes of Vulcano, Vulcanello and Lipari are also currently active, although the latter is usually dormant 8.
Vaudeville — Vaudeville is a theatrical genre of variety entertainment. It was especially popular in the United States and Canada from the early s until the early s, a typical vaudeville performance is made up of a series of separate, unrelated acts grouped together on a common bill.
A vaudeville performer is often referred to as a vaudevillian, Vaudeville developed from many sources, including the concert saloon, minstrelsy, freak shows, dime museums, and literary American burlesque.
Called the heart of American show business, vaudeville was one of the most popular types of entertainment in North America for several decades, the origin of this term is obscure, but is often explained as being derived from the French expression voix de ville. A second speculation is that it comes from the songs on satire by poet Olivier Basselin.
Some, however, preferred the term variety to what manager Tony Pastor called its sissy. Thus, vaudeville was marketed as variety well into the 20th century, with its first subtle appearances within the early s, vaudeville was not initially a common form of entertainment.
The form gradually evolved from the saloon and variety hall into its mature form throughout the s and s. This more gentle form was known as Polite Vaudeville, in the years before the American Civil War, entertainment existed on a different scale.
Certainly, variety theatre existed before in Europe and elsewhere, in the US, as early as the first decades of the 19th century, theatregoers could enjoy a performance consisting of Shakespeare plays, acrobatics, singing, dancing, and comedy. As the years progressed, people seeking diversified amusement found a number of ways to be entertained. Vaudeville was characterized by traveling companies touring through cities and towns, a significant influence also came from Dutch minstrels and comedians.
Vaudeville incorporated these various itinerant amusements into a stable, institutionalized form centered in Americas growing urban hubs, pastors experiment proved successful, and other managers soon followed suit. Keith took the step, starting in Boston. Albee, adoptive grandfather of the Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright Edward Albee, circuits such as those managed by Keith-Albee provided vaudevilles greatest economic innovation and the principal source of its industrial strength.
They enabled a chain of allied vaudeville houses that remedied the chaos of the booking system by contracting acts for regional and national tours. These could easily be lengthened from a few weeks to two years, Albee also gave national prominence to vaudevilles trumpeting polite entertainment, a commitment to entertainment equally inoffensive to men, women and children.
Acts that violated this ethos were admonished and threatened with expulsion from the remaining performances or were canceled altogether 9. Comedian — A comedian or comic is a person who seeks to entertain an audience, primarily by making them laugh.
This might be through jokes or amusing situations, or acting a fool, as in slapstick, a comedian who addresses an audience directly is called a stand-up comic. Since the s, a new wave of comedy, called alternative comedy, has grown in popularity with its more offbeat and this normally involves more experiential, or observational reporting, e. Many comics achieve a cult following while touring famous comedy hubs such as the Just for Laughs festival in Montreal, the Edinburgh Fringe, often a comics career advances significantly when they win a notable comedy award, such as the Edinburgh Comedy Award.
Comics sometimes foray into other areas of entertainment, such as film and television, however, a comics stand-up success does not guarantee a films critical or box office success. Comedians can be dated back to BC, when Aristophanes and he wrote 40 comedies,11 of which survive and are still being performed.
Aristophanes comedy style took the form of satyr plays, the English poet and playwright William Shakespeare wrote many comedies. A Shakespearean comedy is one that has an ending, usually involving marriages between the unmarried characters, and a tone and style that is more light-hearted than Shakespeares other plays. Charles Chaplin was the most popular comedian of the first half of the 20th century. He wrote comedic silent films such as Modern Times and The Kid and his films still have a major impact on comedy in films today.
One of the most popular forms of comedy is stand-up comedy. Stand-up comedy is a monologue performed by one or more people standing on a stage. Bob Hope was the most popular comedian of the 20th century.
Other noted stand-up comedians include George Carlin, Jerry Seinfeld, Lenny Bruce, Mort Sahl, Louis CK, another popular form of modern-day comedy is talk shows where comedians make fun of current news or popular topics. These shows often receive high ratings, likely because many comedians band together to create jokes, one of the most successful comedians is Ellen Degeneres, who has parlayed her comic career into film, television shows, and hosting major media events.
Johnny Carson, who launched many contemporary comics careers, would invite them to join him on the couch for one-on-one conversation after their set Abbott and Costello — Abbott and Costello were a comedy double act during the early Classical Hollywood era of American cinema. The team was composed of William Bud Abbott and Lou Costello whose work in vaudeville and on stage, radio, film and television made them the most popular team during the s.
Their patter routine Whos on First, is one of the best-known comedy routines of all time and set the framework for many of their best-known comedy bits. Bud Abbott was a veteran burlesque entertainer from a business family. He worked at Coney Island and ran his own burlesque touring companies and he first worked as a straight man with his wife Betty, then with veteran burlesque comedians like Harry Steppe and Harry Evanson.
When he met his partner in comedy, Abbott was performing in Minskys Burlesque shows. Lou Costello had been a burlesque comic sinceafter failing to break into acting and working as a stunt double. This first performance together occurred due to Costellos regular partner being ill, when AMC moved the old theater ft further west on 42nd Street to its current location, giant balloons of Abbott and Costello were rigged to appear to pull it. Other performers in the show, including Abbotts wife Betty, advised a permanent pairing, the teams first known radio appearance was on The Kate Smith Hour in February The similarities between their voices made it difficult for listeners to tell them apart during their rapid-fire repartee.
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To solve the problem, Costello began affecting a high-pitched, childish voice, was first performed for a national radio audience the following month. They performed on the program as regulars for two years, while also landing roles in a Broadway revue, The Streets of Paris, inUniversal Studios signed them for the film One Night in the Tropics.
Cast in supporting roles, they stole the show with several classic routines, the same year they were a summer replacement on radio for Fred Allen.
Two years later, they had their own NBC program, The Abbott, Universal then signed them to a long-term contract, and their second film, Buck Privates, in made them box-office stars and saved Universal from imminent bankruptcy. The singing sisters became good friends with Costello during this period, enjoying many barbecues, inthe two acts traded guest appearances on each others top-rated radio shows. Bud and Lou made 36 films together between and and they were among the most popular and highest-paid entertainers in the world during World War II.
He was known for the catchphrases Heeeeyyy, Abbott. His father was Italian and his mother was an American of Italian, French and he attended School 15 in Paterson and was considered a gifted athlete. He excelled in basketball and reportedly was once the New Jersey state free throw champion and he also fought as a boxer under the name Lou King. He took his name from actress Helene Costello. On August 15, their last child, Christine, was born, as a young man Costello was a great admirer of silent movie great Charlie Chaplin.
Joe Kirk - Wikipedia
In he went to Hollywood to become an actor, but could find work as a laborer or extra at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and Warner Brothers. His athletic skill brought him work as a stunt man. He can also be spotted sitting ringside in the Laurel and Hardy film The Battle of the Century, indiscouraged by his lack of success, he hitchhiked back home but ran out of money in Saint Joseph, Missouri during the Great Depression.
There he changed his name to Costello, after actress Helene Costello. Soon after that he went back to New York and began working in vaudeville, Costello crossed paths with a talented straight man named Bud Abbott.
In they first worked together at the Eltinge Theatre on 42nd Street in New York City when Costellos partner failed to show, Abbott and Costello formally teamed up in Reportedly their first disagreement was over a booking in a show at the Steel Pier in Atlantic City.
Costello wanted to take the gig, but Abbott was resistant, Costello offered to give Abbott a larger split of their salary, and Abbott agreed. Years later, in the flush of their Hollywood success, Costello reversed the salary split, in his favor. Abbott and Costello were signed by the William Morris talent agency, which succeeded in landing them featured roles and national exposure on The Kate Smith Hour, the teams signature routine, Whos On First. Made its radio debut on Smiths show that year, many of the teams sketches were further polished by John Grant, who was hired soon after the team joined the radio show Bowery Boys — The Bowery Boys were a nativist, anti-Catholic, and anti-Irish gang based out of the Bowery neighborhood of Manhattan in the midth century.
Despite its reputation as one of the most notorious gangs of New York City at the time. The gang was made up exclusively of volunteer firemen, though some worked as mechanics and butchers. While acting in capacity as a gang, the Bowery Boys often battled multiple outfits of the infamous Five Points, most notably the Dead Rabbits, Mike Walsh was largely considered the leader of the one of the first incarnations of the Bowery Boys.
At various points in the show, he was a barber, grocer, fruit vendor, ice cream vendor, peanut vendor, bakery owner and music store salesman. In the episodes featuring his character, Mr.
Bacciagalupe would often show impatience with the indecision portrayed by Lou Costello, whom he called by his Sicilian name, Luigi. As he "lost his temperature", Mr. Bacciagalupe would lapse into broken Italian phrases and increasingly animated gesticulation to express his frustration.
Bacciagalupe character appeared in 15 of the 26 episodes in the show's first season, Typical roles for him were "ethnic" Sicilian-Americans — gangsters, bartenders, bookies and henchmen. Wise Guy and Smart Alecks Kirk appeared as the villager Schwartz in Universal's House of Frankenstein Kirk, the "I" standing for his birth-name, Ignazio.
Through his marriage to Marie Cristillo, the sister of Lou Costello, Kirk secured steady appearances albeit in small roles in Abbott and Costello films.
Orvilla in Abbott and Costello Go to Mars He also took small roles in television shows such as Adventures of SupermanSheriff of Cochise and U.